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Huntley Township was surveyed in 1818 and the first settlers arrived shortly thereafter, in 1819. These were families of Protestant Irish descent who moved to the area from near Richmond, Ontario. They settled in Huntley, along the Third line, where the first settlement,Huntley, (later known as Huntley Centre) started. In 1825 to 1826, families of Catholic Irish descent, who also moved into the area from Richmond, settled around the Old Almonte Road and Corkery Road (9th line of Huntley) where the settlements of Manion Corners, Powell and Clandeboye grew.

The first major influx of settlers arrived from Ireland in 1822. These Protestant Irish settlers came from the counties of Tipperary, Cavan, Fermanagh and Tyrone in Ireland. They were followed by more settlers from the same counties in Ireland in 1823,1826 and 1828. The only major emigration of Catholic Irish to Huntley came in 1832, mainly from County Cork, in Ireland, as a result of the efforts of Peter Robinson at immigration and settlement.

Huntley Township has always had an agricultural basis. The fertile clay loam soil in the valley of the Carp River supports some of the richest farmland in Eastern Ontario. It is no wonder that the Carp Agricultural Society and its Carp Fair are among the oldest of their respective institutions in Ontario.

The settlers built schools (a total of eight before amalgamation plus a secondary school), and churches. The schools have since been amalgamated and the only public schools now in Huntley Township are Huntley Centennial Public School and St Michael,Corkery Catholic School. A third school, Venta Preparatory School, is a private day/boarding school founded by Dr. A.E. Sidlauskas in 1981 offering grades SK to 10 to boys and girls. For High School, the students are bussed to West Carleton Secondary School or All Saints Catholic High School

At present there are three Anglican (St. James, St. John's and Christ Church), one United (St. Paul's) and one Roman Catholic church (St. Michael's) within the Township, however at one time there were many more of other, mainly Protestant, religions. There are five cemeteries in the township, one each for church except St John's and one Presbyterian Cemetery. Christ Church Cemetery on the Carp Road is one of the oldest cemeteries in the region and contains burials from as far away as Pakenham.

Carp has never been incorporated as a town although it quickly became the centre of the Township after the fire of 1870 which missed Carp but the settlement of Huntley was destroyed. Carp grew at the junction of the roads from Ottawa, Arnprior and Stittsville. At one time Carp boasted four hotels and four bars (taverns, saloons). In 1907, local option terminated alcohol being served in Huntley. After 1893, trains passed through Carp four times per day with mail; the first post office (Newtown) dates to 1854; newspaper service (Carp Star) commenced in 1899; and telephone service (Monk Rural Telephone) started in 1909. Carp is now growing as a residential community with no passenger train service or station and daily mail service by truck.

Huntley Township was amalgamated into West Carleton Township in 1974 and into the City of Ottawa in 2001.

Huntley was named after Alexander Gordon who succeeded to the title of 7th Marquess of Huntly on August 5, 1752 and to the title of 12th Earl of Huntly also on August 5, 1752. His sister, Lady Charlotte Gordon was the married to General Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond. The Marquesses of Huntley resided at Aboyne Castle on the Dee River in Northern Scotland, ruling much of northern Scotland from this very secure castle. The Duke of Richmond was very popular in Canada at the time and you may recall died of rabies on August 28, 1819 at age 54 at Richmond,Carleton County, after being bitten by a pet fox on his tour of Canada.